Step 1 : Introduction to the question "What was the name of the first U.S. Space Shuttle to orbit the earth?"
...What was the name of the first space shuttle? Space Shuttle Columbia (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA's Space Shuttle fleet. It launched for the first time on mission STS-1 on April 12, 1981, the first flight of the Space Shuttle program. Space Shuttle Columbia What was the name of the first space shuttle? Who was the first man to orbit the earth? Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, IPA: [ˈjʉrʲɪj ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvʲɪtɕ ɡɐˈɡarʲɪn]; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.
Step 2 : Answer to the question "What was the name of the first U.S. Space Shuttle to orbit the earth?"
On this day in 1981, the space shuttle Columbia was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and became the first reusable manned spacecraft to travel into space. Piloted by astronauts Robert L. Crippen and John W. Young, the Columbia undertook a 54-hour space flight of 36 orbits before touching down at California’s Edwards Air Force Base. Over 22 years of service it completed 27 missions before disintegrating during re-entry near the end of its 28th mission, on February 1, 2003, resulting in the deaths of all seven crew members.