Step 1 : Introduction to the question "Who invented the modern number system?"
... The numeral system employed, known as algorism, is positional decimal notation. Various symbol sets are used to represent numbers in the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, potentially including both symbols that evolved from the Brahmi numerals, and symbols that developed independently. History Origins Adoption in Europe Adoption in China Evolution of symbols Number.... A tallying system has no concept of place value (as in modern decimal notation), which limits its representation of large numbers. Nonetheless tallying systems are considered the first kind of abstract numeral system. The first known system with place value was the Mesopotamian base 60 system (ca.
Step 2 : Answer to the question "Who invented the modern number system?"
Hindus of India:
The modern number system, called Arabic or Hindu-Arabic, was actually invented by Hindus of India. It made its way to Europe through the travels and conquests of the Arabs. The numbers work on a system of 10 digits. In the place-value system, arithmetic operations require the zero value. Italian mathematician Leonardo Pisano Bigollo (Fibonacci) introduced the numbers to Europe in the 12th century. Before this, Roman numerals were the standard. Source: Reference.com